Platelet Rich Plasma is a highly concentrated blood sample that contains isolated cells (platelets) and the fluid portion of blood (plasma). When used as a therapy, PRP can help regenerate and heal tissues by recruiting cells to an area of injury to clean up dead and injured cells. PRP also releases proteins called “growth factors” which are responsible for tissue regeneration. PRP can be used to treat osteoarthritis, acute and chronic soft tissue injuries, tendon injuries, ligament injuries, muscle injuries and certain spinal conditions. A small amount of a blood is taken from your dog and is processed using a specialized system that concentrates the platelets and the plasma. Once the PRP processing is complete, it is injected directly into the area of injury. Therapeutic effects for mild to moderate osteoarthritis last between 6-12 months for dogs.
Stem cells are harvested from the bone marrow and have the ability to differentiate into any type of cell. They can also activate other surrounding stem cells and recruit additional cell types to aid in wound healing and tissue repair. A small amount of bone marrow is collected from the femur while the dog is under general anesthesia. It is then processed using a specialized system that isolates and concentrates the stem cells. Once the processing is complete, the stem cells are then directly injected into the area of injury. Moderate to severe osteoarthritis will show marked improvement for more than a year with one treatment of stem cells
Intra-articular injection of a variety of anti-inflammatory and joint-protective substances offers a simple, practical, affordable and often highly successful method to treat debilitating osteoarthritis in dogs. Often times the pain relief sustained from a joint injection can last for much longer then a daily non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication without the associated GI and liver/kidney side effects.
The goal of prolotherapy is to inject counterirritants into the joint capsule and surrounding areas to tighten the tendons and ligaments around the joint. "Prolo" is short for proliferation, because the treatment causes the proliferation of new connective tissue in areas where it has become weak. Prolotherapy is primarily used to treat stifle joint ligament partial tears and has been clinically shown to increase joint-ligament strength by 30-40%. Often times the treated area may feel stronger immediately after Prolotherapy. It is normal to experience muscle soreness for a few weeks after the treatment. Starting around four weeks after treatment, ligament strengthening is occurring.